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Logistics Support Agreement India Us

In June, India and Australia signed Mutual Logistics Assistance (MLSA), strengthened their partnership for a comprehensive strategic partnership and also announced a joint declaration on a common vision of maritime cooperation in the Indo-Pacific area. The logistics pact with Japan, reciprocal procurement and services between the armed forces, was signed earlier this week. India and Japan have already signed an implementation agreement for closer cooperation between the navy and the Japan Maritime Self-Defence Force (JMSDF). But India fears that such an agreement will force it to house U.S. troops at its bases or drag it into a military alliance with the United States and undermine its traditional autonomy. Carter and Parrikar had agreed “in principle” in April, but had not yet finalized the details. “It`s not a basic agreement of any kind,” Carter said. The debate over the logistics agreement has served as a vehicle for some members of India`s political class to distrust the United States, said Shane Mason, a scientific collaborator at the Stimson Center. The United States had previously imposed sanctions on India as part of its 1998 nuclear test, although sanctions were later eased. In a way, logistics agreements also supersede the need for a nation to invest in overseas bases or dual-use infrastructure. This is because the effectiveness of overseas bases should be measured against installation, maintenance and personnel costs.

Therefore, the development of overseas bases, based on a country`s strategic interests in a region, must be appreciated in light of the relative flexibility of a logistics agreement to strengthen a country`s operational footprint and simultaneously diversify its international presence at a much lower cost. After years of negotiations, India and Japan have reached a pioneering agreement allowing their military personnel access to each other`s bases in order to obtain logistical support, a key development that comes amid growing concerns about China`s military strength in the region. The biggest beneficiary of logistics pacts is the navy, which interacts and trains most with foreign navies. In the case of deep-sea operations, exercises or humanitarian aid missions, fuel, food and other needs can be exchanged and resolved at a later date according to the terms and conditions. The signing of these agreements runs counter to India`s growing maritime engagement with the Indo-Pacific Navies. The Indian Navy is currently conducting bilateral naval exercises with fourteen navies and coordinated patrols with four, most of which are in the Indo-Pacific.